John Marshall* - Is This Heaven?
Label: Bellaphon - 260.11.001 • Format: Vinyl LP, Album • Country: Germany • Genre: Electronic, Rock, Pop • Style: Pop Rock, Synth-pop
Marshall Herff Applewhite Jr. A native of TexasApplewhite attended several universities, and as a young man, served in the United States Army. After finishing school at Austin Collegehe taught music at the University of Alabama. He later returned to Texas, where he led choruses and served as John Marshall* - Is This Heaven?
chair of the music department at the University of St. Thomas in Houston. He left the school inciting emotional turmoil. His father's death a Mental ILLness - Mentally Challenged later brought on severe depression.
Inhe developed a close friendship with Bonnie Nettlesa nurse; together, they discussed mysticism at length and concluded that they were called as divine messengers. They operated a bookstore and teaching center for a short while and then began to travel around the U. They only gained one convert.
InApplewhite was arrested for failing to return a rental car and was jailed for 6 months. In jail, he further developed his theology. After Applewhite's release, he traveled to California and Oregon with Nettles, eventually gaining a group of committed followers.
Applewhite and Nettles told their followers that they would be visited by extraterrestrials who would provide them with new bodies. Applewhite initially stated that his followers and he would physically ascend to a spaceship, where their bodies would be transformed, but later, he came to believe that their bodies were the mere containers of their souls, which would later be placed into new bodies.
These ideas were expressed with language drawn from Christian eschatologythe New Age movementand American popular culture. The group received an influx of funds in the late s, which it used to pay housing and other expenses. InNettles died, leaving Applewhite distraught and challenging his views on physical ascension. In the early s, the group took more steps to publicize their theology. Inthey learned of the approach of Comet Hale—Bopp and rumors of an accompanying spaceship. They concluded that this spaceship was the vessel that would take their spirits on board for a journey to another planet.
Believing that their souls would ascend to the spaceship and be Johnny Guitar - Various - Guitar Of The Millenium new bodies, the group members died by mass suicide in their mansion. A media circus followed the discovery of their John Marshall* - Is This Heaven? . In the aftermath, commentators and academics discussed how Applewhite persuaded people to follow his commands, including suicide.
Some commentators attributed his followers' John Marshall* - Is This Heaven? to die by suicide to his skill as a manipulator, while others argued that their willingness was due to their faith in the narrative that he constructed.
Applewhite attended Corpus Christi High School and Austin College;  at the latter school, he was active in several student organizations and was moderately religious. Applewhite moved to New York City in an unsuccessful attempt to launch a professional singing career upon finishing his education in Colorado.
Thomas Bruton Town - Pentangle - The Albumsciting depression and other emotional problems. InApplewhite briefly moved to New Mexico, where he operated a delicatessen. He was popular with customers, but decided to return to Texas later that year. InApplewhite met Bonnie Nettles, a nurse with an interest in theosophy and Biblical prophecy.
Applewhite Lez Start Da Killin - Gunjah - Politically Correct? began to live with Nettles.
Although they cohabited, their relationship was not a sexual one,  fulfilling his longtime wish to have a deep and loving, yet platonicrelationship. Applewhite and Nettles opened a bookstore known Mesmeric - Kareem - Mesmer the Christian Arts Center, which carried books from a variety of spiritual backgrounds.
They subsisted solely on bread rolls at times, often camped out, and sometimes did not pay their lodging bills. They visited her in Mayand she became their first convert.
While traveling, Applewhite and Nettles pondered the life of John Marshall* - Is This Heaven?. Francis of Assisi and read works by authors including Helena BlavatskyR. Laingand Richard Bach. Heinlein and Arthur C. This event, which they referred to as "the John Marshall* - Is This Heaven?was to prove their claims.
In AugustApplewhite was arrested in Harlingen, Texasfor failing to return a car that he had rented in Missouri. Louis and jailed for 6 months. After Applewhite's release, Nettles and he resolved to contact extraterrestrials and they sought like-minded followers. They published advertisements for meetings, where they recruited disciples, whom they called "crew". They claimed that those who agreed to take part in the experiment would be brought to a higher evolutionary level.
Applewhite believed in the ancient astronaut hypothesis, which claimed that extraterrestrials had visited humanity in the past and placed humans on Earth and would return to collect a select few. Applewhite and Nettles sent advertisements to groups in California and were invited to speak to New Age devotees there in April Balch and Taylor state that Applewhite and Nettles eschewed pressure tactics, seeking only devoted followers.
Benjamin E. Zeller, an academic who studies new religions, notes that Applewhite and Nettles' teachings focused on salvation through individual growth and sees this as similar to currents in the era's New Age movement. Likewise, the importance of personal choice was also emphasized.
ByApplewhite and Nettles had taken the names "Bo" and "Peep". Applewhite and Nettles soon told them to adopt two-syllable names John Marshall* - Is This Heaven? ended in "ody" and had three consonants in the first syllable,  such as Rkkody, Jmmody, and Lvvody;  Applewhite stated that these names emphasized that his followers were spiritual children.
Applewhite and Nettles feared that they would be assassinated,  and taught their followers that their deaths would be similar to those of the two witnesses of the Book of Revelation. By earlyApplewhite and Nettles had settled on the names "Do" and "Ti";  Applewhite stated that these were meaningless names. Applewhite and Nettles then split their followers into small groups, which they referred to as "Star Clusters". From tothe In Denial - Pet Shop Boys - Nightlife lived in campgrounds, usually in the Rocky Mountains or Texas.
In practice, this made their followers completely dependent upon them. In the late s, the group received a large sum of money, possibly an inheritance of a member or donations of followers' income. Referring to their house as a "craft", they regimented the lives of their disciples to the minute. Applewhite and Nettles sometimes made sudden, drastic changes to the group.
These vacations were intended to placate families by demonstrating that the disciples remained with the group of their own accord. InNettles had an eye surgically removed as a result of cancer diagnosed several years earlier. She lived John Marshall* - Is This Heaven?
two more years, dying in Applewhite told their followers that she had "traveled to the Next Level" because she had "too much energy to remain John Marshall* - Is This Heaven? Earth", abandoning her body to make the journey. Applewhite became very depressed. His students supported him during this time, greatly encouraging him. Applewhite began to emphasize a strict hierarchy, teaching that his students needed his guidance, as he needed the guidance of the Next Level.
Zeller notes that this naturally ensured no possibility of the group's continuing if Applewhite were to die. After Nettles' death, Applewhite also altered his view of ascension; previously, he had taught that the group would physically ascend from the Earth and that death caused reincarnation, but her death—which left behind an unchanged, corporeal body—forced him to say that the ascension could be spiritual.
Applewhite taught that he was a walk-ina concept that had gained popularity in the New Age movement during the late s. Walk-ins were said to be higher beings who took control of adult bodies to teach humanity. This concept informed Applewhite's view of resurrection; he believed that his group's souls were to be transported to a spaceship, where they would enter other bodies.
In the wake of Nettles' death, Applewhite became increasingly paranoid, fearing a conspiracy against his group. In the late s, the group kept a low profile; few people knew it still existed. Over the course of the group's existence, several hundred people joined and left. John Marshall* - Is This Heaven?
the early s, Applewhite posted some of his teachings on the John Marshall* - Is This Heaven?but he was stung by the resulting criticism. From June to Octoberthe group lived in a rural part of New Mexico. The group increasingly focused on the suppression of sexual desire; Applewhite and seven others opted for surgical castration.
In late Marchthe group isolated themselves and recorded farewell statements. Three assistants helped him die by suicide, then killed themselves. Although many popular commentators, including psychologist Margaret Singer speculate that Applewhite brainwashed his followers, many academics have rejected the Lucky Charms - Masterplan - Lifetime Guarantee label as an oversimplification that does not express the nuances of the process by which the followers were influenced.
Lewis argues that Applewhite effectively controlled Weisses Fleisch - Debauchery - Back In Blood followers by packaging his teachings in familiar terms. Hall posits that they were motivated to die by suicide because they saw it as a way to demonstrate that they had conquered the fear of death and truly believed Applewhite. Urban writes that Applewhite's life displays "the intense ambivalence and alienation shared by many individuals lost in late 20th-century capitalist society".
While covering the suicides, several media outlets focused on Applewhite's sexuality;  the New York Post dubbed him "the Gay Guru". This idea has failed to gain support among academics. Lalich states that Applewhite fit "the traditional view Marvin Brooks - So Much In Love a charismatic leader",  and Evan John Marshall* - Is This Heaven?
deems him a "master manipulator". Lane was also married to Hannah's father, the Reverend Bennie Saenz, who was an evangelical preacher in Corpus Christi. Saenz was convicted in of the bludgeoning death of a year-old girl whose nude body was discovered on D-Tyme - Various - Club Del Mar Island.
He was sentenced to 23 years in prison. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Marshall Applewhite. Spur, TexasU. Rancho Santa Fe, CaliforniaU. Lalich, Bounded Choicep.
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