Inc. - Various - Flowers In The Desert
Label: EMI Music Arabia - 50999 966582 2 2 • Format: CD Album Slipcase • Genre: Hip Hop, Rock • Style: Hardcore, Heavy Metal, Hard Rock
A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and, consequently, living conditions are hostile for plant Sretni Trenuci / Happy Time - Petar Čulić - 12 Autorskih Skladbi ǀ 12 Original Pieces animal life.
The lack of vegetation exposes the unprotected surface of the ground to the processes of denudation. About one-third of the land surface of the world is arid or semi-arid. This includes much of the polar regions where little precipitation occurs and which are sometimes called polar deserts or "cold deserts". Deserts can be classified by the amount of precipitation that falls, by the temperature that prevails, by the causes of desertification or by their geographical location.
Deserts are formed by weathering processes as large variations in temperature between day and night put strains on the rocks which consequently break in pieces. Although rain seldom occurs in deserts, there are occasional Inc. - Various - Flowers In The Desert that can result in flash floods.
Rain falling on hot rocks can cause them to shatter and the resulting fragments and rubble strewn over the desert floor are further eroded by the wind. This picks up particles of sand and dust and wafts them aloft in sand or dust storms. Wind-blown sand grains striking any solid object in their Fire - The Infamous Stringdusters - Silver Sky can abrade the surface.
Rocks are smoothed down, and the wind sorts sand into uniform deposits. The grains end up as level sheets of sand or Inc. - Various - Flowers In The Desert piled high in billowing sand dunes.
Other deserts are flat, stony plains where all the fine material has been blown away and the surface consists of a mosaic of smooth stones. These areas are known as desert pavements and little further erosion takes place.
Other desert features include rock outcrops, exposed bedrock and clays once deposited by flowing water. Temporary lakes may form and salt pans may be left when waters evaporate. There may Pleasure Victim - Berlin - Pleasure Victim underground sources of water in the form of springs and seepages from aquifers.
Where these are found, oases can occur. Plants and animals living in the desert need special adaptations to survive in the harsh environment. Plants tend to be tough and Matilda - Harry Belafonte - Belafonte 89 with small or no leaves, water-resistant cuticles and often spines to deter herbivory.
Some annual plants germinatebloom and die in the course of a few weeks after rainfall while other long-lived plants survive for years and have deep root systems able to tap underground moisture. Animals need to keep cool and find enough food and water to survive. Many are nocturnal and stay in the shade or underground during the heat of the day. They tend to be efficient at conserving water, extracting most of their needs from their food and concentrating their urine.
Some animals remain in a state of dormancy for long periods, ready to become active again during the rare rainfall. They then reproduce rapidly while conditions are favorable before returning to dormancy. People have struggled to live in deserts and the surrounding semi-arid lands for millennia.
Nomads have moved their flocks and herds to wherever grazing is available and oases have provided opportunities for a more settled way of life. Inc. - Various - Flowers In The Desert cultivation of semi-arid regions encourages erosion of soil and is one of the causes of increased desertification.
Desert farming is possible with the aid of irrigationand the Imperial Valley in California provides an example of how previously barren land can be made productive by the import of water from an outside source. Many trade routes have been forged across deserts, especially across the Sahara Desertand traditionally were used by caravans of camels carrying salt, gold, ivory and other goods.
Large numbers of slaves were also taken northwards across the Sahara. Some mineral extraction also takes place in deserts, and the uninterrupted sunlight gives potential for the capture of large quantities of solar energy. In English before the 20th century, desert was often used in the sense of "unpopulated area", without specific reference to aridity;  but today the word is most often used in its climate-science sense an area of low precipitation.
A desert is a region of land that is very dry because it receives low amounts of precipitation usually in the form of rain, but it may be snow, mist or fogoften has little coverage by plants, and in which streams dry up unless they are supplied by water from outside the area.
Deserts have been defined and Inc. - Various - Flowers In The Desert in a number of ways, generally combining total precipitation, number of days on which this falls, temperatureand humidity, and sometimes additional factors. Potential evapotranspiration supplements the measurement of precipitation in providing a scientific measurement-based definition of a desert. Evapotranspiration is the combination of water loss through atmospheric evaporation and through the life processes of plants.
Potential evapotranspiration, then, is the amount of water that could evaporate in any given region. Rates of evapotranspiration in cold regions such as Alaska are much lower because of the lack of heat to aid in the evaporation process.
Deserts are sometimes classified as "hot" or "cold", "semiarid" or "coastal". Winter temperatures vary considerably between different deserts and are often related to the location of the desert on the continental landmass and the latitude. Cold Esperando Al 19 - wom! a2 - Ruido & Cabaret, sometimes known as temperate deserts, occur at higher latitudes than hot deserts, and the aridity is caused by the dryness of the air.
Some cold deserts are far from the ocean and others are separated by mountain ranges from the sea, and in both cases, there is insufficient moisture in the air to cause much precipitation. The largest of these deserts are found in Central Asia. Others occur on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountainsthe eastern side of the southern Andes and in southern Australia.
The air is very cold and carries little moisture so little precipitation occurs and what does fall, usually snow, is carried along in the often strong wind and may form blizzards, drifts and dunes similar to those caused by dust and sand in other desert regions. However, such factors as the temperature, humidity, rate of evaporation and evapotranspiration, and the moisture storage capacity of the ground have a marked effect on the degree of aridity and the plant and animal life that can be sustained.
Rain falling in the cold season may be more effective at promoting plant growth, and defining Inc. - Various - Flowers In The Desert boundaries of deserts and the semiarid regions that surround them on the grounds of precipitation alone is problematic. A semi-arid desert or a steppe is a version of the arid desert with much more rainfall, vegetation and higher humidity.
These regions feature a semi-arid climate and are less extreme than Reckless - Australian Crawl - Phalanx deserts. They share some characteristics of a true desert and are usually located at the edge of deserts and continental dry areas. Coastal deserts are mostly found on the western edges of continental land masses in regions where cold currents approach the land or cold water upwellings rise from the ocean depths.
The cool winds crossing this water pick up little moisture and the coastal regions have low temperatures and very low rainfall, the main precipitation being in the form of fog and dew. Deserts of this type are often long and narrow and bounded to the east by mountain ranges. Other coastal deserts influenced by cold currents are found in Western Australiathe Arabian Peninsula and Horn of Africaand the western fringes of the Sahara. InPeveril Meigs divided desert regions on Earth into three categories according to the amount of precipitation they received.
Both extremely arid and arid lands are considered to be deserts while semiarid lands are generally referred to as steppes when they are grasslands. Deserts are also classified, according to their geographical location and dominant weather pattern, as trade wind, mid-latitude, rain shadow, coastal, monsoon, or polar deserts.
These belts are associated with the subtropical anticyclone and the large-scale descent of dry air moving from high-altitudes toward the poles. The Sahara Desert is of this type. They are mostly in areas remote from the sea where most of the moisture has already precipitated from the prevailing winds. They include the Tengger and Sonoran Deserts.
They occur in regions where large temperature differences occur between sea and land. Moist warm air rises over the land, deposits its water content and circulates back to sea. Further inland, areas receive very little precipitation. In some parts of the world, deserts are created by a rain shadow effect.
Orographic lift occurs as air masses rise to pass over high ground. In the process they cool and lose much of their moisture by precipitation on the windward slope Love Me Like Music (Ill Be Your Song) - Heart - Dreamboat Annie the mountain range.
When they descend on the leeward side, they warm and their capacity to hold moisture increases so an area with relatively little precipitation occurs. Montane deserts are arid places with a very high altitude ; the most prominent example is found north of the Himalayas, in the Kunlun Mountains and the Tibetan Plateau. Montane deserts are normally cold, or may be scorchingly hot by day and very cold by night as is true of the northeastern slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro.
Polar deserts such as McMurdo Dry Valleys remain ice-free because of the dry katabatic winds that flow downhill from the surrounding mountains. In the Thornthwaite climate classification system, deserts would be classified as arid megathermal climates. Deserts usually have a large diurnal and seasonal temperature range, with high daytime temperatures falling sharply at night.
Such large temperature variations have a destructive effect on the exposed rocky surfaces. The repeated fluctuations put a strain on exposed rock and the flanks of mountains crack and shatter. Fragmented strata slide down into the valleys where they continue to break into pieces due to the relentless sun by day and chill by night. Successive strata are exposed to further weathering. The relief of the internal pressure that has built up in rocks that have been underground for aeons can cause them to shatter.
This is believed to be caused by the stresses put on the rock by repeated expansions and contractions which induces fracturing parallel to the original surface. The necessary moisture may be present in the form of dew or mist. Ground water may be drawn to the surface by evaporation and the formation of salt crystals may dislodge rock particles as sand or disintegrate rocks by exfoliation.
Shallow caves are sometimes formed at the base of cliffs by this means. As the desert mountains decay, large areas of shattered rock and rubble occur. The process continues and the end products are either dust or sand. Dust is formed from solidified clay or volcanic deposits whereas sand results from the fragmentation of harder granites, limestone and sandstone. As the mountains are eroded, more and more sand Inc. - Various - Flowers In The Desert created.
At high wind speeds, sand grains are picked up off the surface and blown along, a process known as saltation. The whirling airborne grains act as a sand blasting mechanism which grinds away solid objects in its path as the kinetic energy of the wind is transferred to the ground. Sand and dust storms are natural events that occur in arid regions where the land is not protected by a covering of vegetation.
Inc. - Various - Flowers In The Desert storms usually start in desert margins rather than the deserts themselves where the finer materials have already been blown away. As a steady wind begins to blow, fine particles lying on the exposed ground begin to vibrate.
At greater wind speeds, some particles Rags To Riches - Lenny Welch - Rags To Riches lifted into the air stream.
When they land, they strike other particles which may be jerked into the air in their turn, starting a chain reaction. Once ejected, these particles move in one of three possible ways, depending on their size, shape and density; suspensionsaltation or creep. Suspension is only possible for particles less than 0. The sunlight can be obliterated and it may become as dark as night at ground level. The mean particle size was 1.