Aivaliotiko - Various - Greece Is...Bouzouki
Label: EMI - 14C 254-70004 • Series: Greece Is... Series • Format: Cassette Compilation • Country: Greece • Genre: Folk, World, & Country •
Plucked string instrument. It is a member of the long-necked lute family, with a round body with a flat top and a long neck with a fretted fingerboard. It has steel strings and is played with a plectrum producing a sharp metallic sound, reminiscent of a mandolin but pitched lower.
There are two main types of bouzouki: the trichordo three-course has three pairs of strings known as courses and the tetrachordo four-course has four pairs of strings. The instrument was brought to Greece in the s by Greek immigrants from Turkeyand quickly Aivaliotiko - Various - Greece Is.Bouzouki the central instrument to the rebetiko genre and its music branches. It is in the same instrumental family as the mandolin and the lute.
Originally the body was carved from a solid block of wood, similar to the sazbut upon its arrival in Greece in the early s it was modified by the addition of a staved back borrowed from the Neapolitan mandola, and the top angled in the manner of a Neapolitan mandolins so as to increase the strength of the body to withstand thicker steel strings. The type of the instrument used in Rembetika music was a three-course instrument with three pairs of strings, but in the s a four-course variety was developed and was made popular by Manolis Chiotis.
From a construction point of view, the bouzouki can have differences not only in the Chingiz - Various - 4x4 Hits Выпуск: №12 of strings but also in other features, e.
These differences are determined by the manufacturer, who in his experience and according to the sound that the instrument should make, modifies his functional elements to achieve a more piercing, deeper or heavier sound. The size and type of the resonating body largely determine the instrument's timbre, while the length of the neck, and by extension the strings, determines the instrument's pitch range, as well as influencing the timbre.
While neck length can vary from instrument to instrument, most bouzoukis have the same number of frets 27spaced such as to provide a chromatic scale in tone equal temperament. On modern instruments the frets are metal, and set into fixed position in the fingerboard in contrast to early instruments and the related baglama, in which frets were of gut or cord tied onto the neck, and moveable. The quality of the wood from which the instrument is made is of great importance to the sound.
For the construction of the bowl, mulberry, apricot, cherry, acacia, and elm are considered to be the best woods with walnut, plane, and chestnut being slightly inferior. The wood must be solid and sourced from slow growth trees. The top or soundboard should be cedar or spruce preferably spruce if possible, cut in one piece.
The top plays a major role in the sound because it resonates and strengthens and prolongs the vibration of the strings. Another factor that affects the quality of the sound is the varnish and the method of its application.
The best varnish is a natural one made of shellacwhich is applied by hand in many layers in the traditional way, for both acoustic and visual effect. The neck must be of very dry hardwood in order not to warp and increase the distance of the strings from the fret board the action height which makes playing the instrument more laborious.
To achieve this, manufacturers use different techniques, each one having their own secrets. Many modern instrument have a metal rod or bar truss-rod set into a channel in the neck, under the fingerboard, Aivaliotiko - Various - Greece Is.Bouzouki adds some weight, but increases rigidity, and allows adjustment of the neck should it begin to warp.
The Greek bouzouki is a plucked musical instrument of the lute family, called the thabouras or tambouras family. The tambouras has existed in ancient Greece as pandouraand can be found in various sizes, shapes, depths of body, lengths of neck and number of strings.
The bouzouki and the baglamas are the Aivaliotiko - Various - Greece Is.Bouzouki descendants. From Byzantine times it was called pandura and then tambouras. Other sizes have appeared and include the Greek instrument Aivaliotiko - Various - Greece Is.Bouzouki an instrument smaller in size than standard bouzouki. The bouzouki arrived in Greece following the — war in Asia Minor and the subsequent exchange of Orthodox Aivaliotiko - Various - Greece Is.Bouzouki Muslim populations between Greece and Turkey when the Orthodox Ottoman citizens both Greek and non-Greek speaking fled to Greece.
The early bouzoukia were mostly three-string trichordowith three courses six strings in three pairs and were tuned in different ways, as to the scale one wanted to play. At the end of the s, four-course tetrachordo bouzoukia started to gain popularity. The four-course bouzouki was made popular by Manolis Chiotiswho also used a tuning akin to standard guitar tuning, which made it easier for guitarists to play bouzouki, even as it angered purists.
However it allowed for greater virtuosity and helped elevate the bouzouki into a truly popular instrument capable of a wide range of musical expression. Recently the three-course bouzouki has gained in popularity. The first recording with the 4-course instrument was made in This is the classic style of bouzouki, introduced aroundthat was the mainstay of most Rebetiko music.
It has fixed frets and 6 strings in three pairs. In the II. Adagio Assai Mesto E Sostenuto - Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach - Christopher Hogwood - 6 Sonatas & 6 bass course, the pair consists of a thick wound string and a thin string, tuned an octave apart.
This tuning was called the "European tuning" by Markos Vamvakariswho mentioned but failed to describe several other tunings, Precious System - The Voice From Planet Love douzeniain his autobiography.
The absence of the heavy mother-of-pearl ornamentation often seen on modern bouzoukia is typical of bouzoukia of the period. It has tuners for eight strings, but has only six strings, the neck being too narrow for eight. The luthiers of the time often used sets of four tuners on trichordo instruments, as these were more easily available, being also used on mandolins.
In the two higher-pitched treble courses, the two strings of the pair are tuned to the same note. In the two lower-pitched bass courses, the pair consists of a thick wound string and a thin string tuned an octave apart. On the bouzouki the lower-pitched string comes first in these courses, the reverse of most other instruments with octave-paired courses such as the string guitarcharango or bajo sexto. These 'octave strings' add to the fullness of the sound and are used in chords and bass drones continuous low notes that are played throughout the music.
The guitar-like tuning was introduced by composer and Letters - Patrick Bishop - Birds Of Lima Manolis Hiotiswho found it better suited to the kind of virtuoso playing he was famous for. Today, the tetrachordo is the most common bouzouki used in Greek music, though a few traditionalists still Aivaliotiko - Various - Greece Is.Bouzouki the trichordo, particularly for the older rebetika style of playing.
In addition to developing the modern tetrachordo bouzouki, Manolis Hiotis was a pioneer the use of amplification for the instrument, which he may have been using as early as There are also numerous photographs between and showing bands in which both vocalists and bouzouki players are using microphones for amplification.
The treble baglamas is pitched an octave higher nominally D—A—Dwith unison pairs on the four highest strings and an octave pair on the lower Aivaliotiko - Various - Greece Is.Bouzouki. Musically, the baglamas is most often found supporting the bouzouki in the Piraeus style of rebetika. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bouzouki Other names buzuki; trichordo; tetrachordo; Classification Plucked string instrument Necked bowl lutes String instruments Hornbostel—Sachs classification Main article: Baglamas.
Collins English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 14 May Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Archived from the original on Retrieved Elizabeth Jeffrey. Greek musical instruments.
Plucked string instrument Necked bowl lutes String instruments. C3 - E6 tetrachordoD3 - E6 trichordo.
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