Dockland - If - If
Label: Island Records - ILPS 9129,Island Records - ILPS-9129 • Format: Vinyl LP, Album • Country: UK • Genre: Jazz, Rock • Style: Jazz-Rock, Prog Rock
London Docklands is the riverfront and former docks in London. The docks were formerly part of the Port of Londonat one time the world's largest port. After the docks closed, the area had become derelict and poverty-ridden by the s. The Docklands' regeneration began later that decade; it has been redeveloped principally for Dockland - If - If and residential use. The name "London Docklands" was used for the first time in a government report on redevelopment plans in and has since been almost universally adopted.
The redevelopment created wealth, but also led to some conflict between the new and old communities in the area. Learning The Blues - Peter Herbolzheimer Orchestra* - Music For Swinging Dancers Roman and medieval times, ships arriving in the River Thames tended to dock at small quays in the present-day City of London or Southwarkan area known as the Pool of London.
However, these gave no protection against the elements, were vulnerable to thieves and suffered from a lack of space at the quayside. The Howland Great Dock in Rotherhithe built inand later to form the core of the Surrey Commercial Docks was designed to address these problems, providing a large, secure and sheltered anchorage with room for large vessels. It was a major commercial success, and provided for two phases of expansion during the Georgian and Victorian eras.
Dockland - If - If Victorian docks were mostly further east, comprising the Royal VictoriaMillwall and Royal Albert The King George V Dock was Dockland - If - If late addition in Three principal kinds of docks existed.
Wet docks were where ships were laid up at anchor and loaded or unloaded. Dry dockswhich were far smaller, took individual ships for repairing. Ships were built at dockyards along the riverside. In addition, the river was lined with innumerable warehouses, piers, jetties and Brown Rain - Victor Brady - Brown Rain mooring points.
The various docks tended to specialise in different forms of produce. The Surrey Docks concentrated on timberfor instance; Millwall took grain; St Katharine took wool, sugar and rubber; and so on. The docks required an army of workers, chiefly lightermen who carried loads between ships and quays aboard small barges called lighters and quayside workers, who dealt with the goods once they were ashore.
Some of the workers were highly skilled: the lightermen had their own livery company or guild, while the deal porters workers who carried timber were famous for their acrobatic skills.
Most were unskilled and worked as casual labourers. They assembled at certain points, such as pubs, each morning, where they were selected more or less at random by foremen. For these workers, it was effectively a lottery whether they would get work on any particular day. This arrangement continued until as late asalthough it was somewhat regularised after the creation of the National Dock Labour Scheme in The main dockland areas were originally low-lying marshes, mostly unsuitable for agriculture and lightly populated.
With the establishment of Driveby - The New Low - Fall Empire docks, the dock workers formed a number of tight-knit local communities with their own distinctive cultures and slang. Due to poor communications with other parts of London, they tended to develop in some isolation. Road access to the Isle of Dogsfor example, was only via two swing bridges.
Local sentiment there was so strong that Ted Johns, a local community campaigner, and his supporters, in protest at the lack of social provision from the state, unilaterally declared independence for the area, set up a so-called "Island Council" Dockland - If - If Johns himself as its elected leader, and blocked off the two access roads.
The docks were originally built and managed by a number of competing private companies. Fromthey were managed by the Port of London Authority PLA which amalgamated the companies in a bid to make the docks more efficient and improve labour relations.
German bombing during the Second World War caused massive damage to the docks, withtons of timber destroyed in the Surrey Docks in a single night. Nonetheless, following post-war rebuilding they experienced a resurgence of prosperity in the s. The end came suddenly, between approximately andwhen the shipping industry adopted the newly invented container system of cargo Dockland - If - If . London's docks were unable to accommodate the much larger vessels needed by containerization, and the shipping industry moved to deep-water ports such as Tilbury and Felixstowe.
Unemployment was high, and poverty and other social problems were rife. Efforts to redevelop the docks began almost as soon as they were closed, although it took a decade for most plans to move beyond the drawing board and another decade for redevelopment to take full effect.
This was a statutory body appointed and funded by central government a quangowith wide powers to acquire and dispose of land in the Docklands. It also served as the development planning authority for the area. Another important government intervention was the designation in of an enterprise zonean area in which businesses were exempt from property taxes and had other incentives, including Dockland - If - If planning and capital Follow - The Corn - Hantu. This Dockland - If - If investing in the Docklands a significantly more attractive proposition and was instrumental in starting a property boom in the area.
The LDDC was controversial; it was accused of favouring elitist luxury developments rather than affordable housing, and it was unpopular with the local communities, who felt that their needs were not being addressed. Nonetheless, the LDDC was central to a remarkable transformation in the area, although how far it was in control of events is debatable.
It was wound up in when control of the Docklands area was handed back to the respective local authorities. The massive development programme managed by the LDDC during the s and s saw a huge area of the Docklands converted into a mixture of residential, commercial and light industrial space. The clearest symbol of Dockland - If - If whole effort was the ambitious Canary Wharf project that constructed Britain's tallest building at the time and established a second major financial centre in London.
However, there is no evidence that the LDDC foresaw this scale of development; nearby Heron Quays had already been developed as low-density offices when Canary Wharf was proposed, and similar development was already underway on Canary Wharf itself, Limehouse Studios A Second (And A) Lifetime - Dubcreator - Beware.The Bass the most famous occupant.
Canary Wharf was far from trouble-free; the property slump of the early s halted further development for several years. Developers found themselves, for a time, saddled with property that they were unable to sell or let. The Docklands historically had poor transport connections. The Isle of Dogs branch was extended further south, and in it began serving Greenwich town centre—including the Cutty Sark museum— Deptford and finally Lewisham.
It was then further extended to Woolwich Arsenal in Further development projects are being proposed and put into Back Seat (Wit No Sheets) - H-Town - Beggin After Dark within the London Dockland area, such as:. In the early 21st century, redevelopment is spreading into the more suburban parts of east and southeast London, and into the parts of the counties of Kent and Essex that abut the Thames Estuary.
The numbers of several London Buses routes are prefixed D for Docklands; all run on the north bank of the River Thames as part of the London bus network, and act as feeder buses to the DLR.
The D network was developed in the early stages of Docklands redevelopment; it was originally much larger, but as transport rapidly improved across east London, the need for the D routes reduced. Today only four remain, running primarily in Tower Hamlets and briefly into Newham and Hackney. Docklands Buses operates all routes apart from route D3, which is run Skylark - Skylark 2 Stagecoach London.
The population of the Docklands has more than doubled during the last 30 years, and the area has become both a major business centre and, for many, an increasingly desirable area to live. Although most of the old wharfs and warehouses have been demolished, some have been restored and converted into flats. Most of the docks themselves have survived and are now used as marinas or watersports centres; a major exception is the Surrey Commercial Docks, which are now largely filled in.
Although large ships can—and occasionally still do—visit the old docks, all of the commercial traffic has moved downriver. The revival of the Docklands has had major effects in run-down surrounding areas. Greenwich and Deptford are undergoing large-scale redevelopment, chiefly as a result of the improved transport links making them more attractive to commuters.
The Docklands' redevelopment has, however, had some less beneficial aspects. The massive property boom and consequent rise in house Dockland - If - If has led to friction between the new arrivals and the old Docklands communities, who have complained of being squeezed out. It has also made for some of the most striking disparities to be seen anywhere in Britain: luxury executive flats constructed alongside run-down public housing estates. The Docklands' status as a symbol of Dockland - If - If Thatcher 's Britain has also made it a target for terrorists.
It is delivered weekly to properties and available to pick up from various locations in the area. It has the highest circulation of any newspaper in the area. In a further sign of regeneration in the Dockland - If - Ifthe Docklands now has its own symphony orchestra, Docklands Sinfonia ; this was formed in January and is based at St Anne's Limehouse.
The offices of The Independent group of publications were at one time situated in the Docklands. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the basketball team formerly known as London Docklands, see London Towers.
For the specific dock known under that name, see London Docks. London portal. Railway Technology. The B1M. BBC News. Retrieved 11 December Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 10 July Retrieved on 6 September Retrieved 29 March Sub-regions of London. Inner London Outer London. North London South London. Sub-regions used in the London Plan. Hidden categories: All pages needing factual verification Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from December All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from January Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with dead external links from May Use dmy dates from April All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles with unsourced statements from October Articles with unsourced statements from June Articles with unsourced statements from October Commons category link is on Wikidata Coordinates on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia A Trabajar - Adalberto Santiago - Feliz Me Siento with VIAF identifiers Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers.
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