Hierro - Hierro
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El Hierronicknamed Isla del Meridiano the "Meridian Island"is the second smallest and farthest south and west of the Canary Islands an Autonomous Community of Spainin the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africawith a population of 10, At The name El Hierroalthough spelled like the Spanish word for 'iron', is not related to that word. The H in the name of the metal is derived from the F of Latin ferrum compare higa for 'fig'. The confusion with the name of the metal had effects on the international naming of the island.
Nevertheless, the origin of the name ero or erro or yerro is not definitely known. It is thought to be derived Hierro - Hierro one of several words in the Guanche language of the pre-Hispanic inhabitants, known as Bimbaches. The Gran diccionario guanche  gives the meaning of the Guanche word hero in Spanish as "fuente" 'spring [water source]'. Augeron had been captured years before by the Europeans and now served as mediator between the Europeans and the Guanches.
Many Frenchmen and Galicians subsequently settled on the island. There is evidence of at least three major landslides that have affected El Hierro in the last few hundred thousand years.
Turbidite deposits related to this landslide have been recognized in drill cores from the Agadir Basin to the north of the Canary Islands. Local tsunami are likely to have been triggered by these landslides but no evidence has been found to confirm this. Emergency services evacuated several families in the areas at most risk, and made plans to evacuate the island if necessary. On December 4, the eruption was ongoing with vigorous phreatic bubbles emerging.
The climate of El Hierro depends on the area. Although the temperatures are very influenced by the ocean. This is the climate chart from El Hierro Airportwhich is the only airport in the island and also Hierro - Hierro island's capital airport:.
El Hierro's size and geography supports entirely endemic species including the critically endangered El Hierro giant lizard Gallotia simonyifor which there is a captive breeding programme, allowing its reintroduction.
The non-barren parts of the interior rely on relief precipitationnot much more than the average of 19 rainfall days per year, high relative humidity and geothermal springs. This non-arid parts have thermophilous geothermal heat-liking juniper clumps and a pine forest with other evergreens.
Like the rest of the Canary Islands chain, El Hierro is volcanic and sharply mountainous. One eruption has to date been recorded on the island: from the Volcan de Lomo Negro vent Esperando A Eva - Taper duel - Rare Zoolasting a month. El Hierro is a Like all of the Canary Islands, El Hierro is a tourist destination.
It is served by a small airport— El Hierro Airport at Valverde—and a ferry terminal at Puerto de la Estaca both of which connect to Tenerife. Though El Hierro has a Paradorhotel accommodations are generally in small family enterprises; as a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve, El Hierro has limited construction Hierro - Hierro less than half of its total surface and buildings to two floors, maintaining its traditional look and social structure more than the other six major Canary Islands.
The island is part of the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerifeand includes three municipalities:. Valverde is situated in the northeast and Frontera in the west, both contain several villages. The seat of the island government cabildo insular is in the town of Valverde, which houses approximately half of the island's population. El Hierro was used in various parts of Europe for more than years as the prime meridianespecially outside of the future British Empire.
By the Hierro - Hierro century CEPtolemy already considered a definition of the zero meridian based on the western-most position of the Fire Horse - Samson Gassama & Axel Manrico Heilhecker - Wandyah world, giving a few maps with only positive, eastern longitudes.
Inin France, as ruled by Louis XIII and his minister Richelieudecided that Ferro's meridian should be used Hierro - Hierro a key reference of maps, in consideration of the island's historic meridian and status as the western-most known Hierro - Hierro of peoples of the 'Known World'. Flores Island is the Hierro - Hierro Azore discovered by the Portuguese navigators in the early 15th century — after the First Voyage of Columbus in scholars and cartographers sometimes grouped them among the new world.
Old [ clarification needed ] international maps outside of In Einer Kleinen Konditorei - Various - Hits Von Gestern Folge 2 1955-1960 American realms often have a common grid with Paris degrees at the top and Ferro degrees offset by 20 from Paris at the bottom.
The Hierro - Hierro important festival of El Hierro is Hierro - Hierro Bajada de la Virgen de los Reyesheld every four years, on the first Saturday of July the last occasion was Treat - Santana - Santanaand the next will be in During the festival, the Virgin of the Kings Virgen de los Reyespatron saint of the island of El Hierro is taken from her sanctuary in La Dehesa in the municipality of La Frontera and carried to the capital of the island, Valverdemaking a tour of 44 kilometers and running through all the towns of El Hierro.
The official natural symbols associated with El Hierro are Gallotia simonyi machadoi El Hierro giant lizard and Juniperus phoenicea Sabina. Gallotia simonyi machadoi. According to the Ministry for Industry, Tourism and Commerce, El Hierro hopes to become the first island in the world to be self-sufficient for electrical energy. This hydro and wind-power project, created by the local Gorona del Viento El Hierro consortium with financial aid from the European Unionand officially inaugurated inconsists of five E wind turbines capable of producing When winds are calm or when demand exceeds supply, water is released from the crater to generate Water in the lower basin is then pumped back up Hierro - Hierro to the upper reservoir when there is excess wind power.
Inthe share climbed to In earlyEl Hierro covered its entire electricity demand between the 25th of January and the 12th of February with Hierro - Hierro renewable resource base, avoiding the use of polluting energy sources for more than hours in - and a total of almost 2, hours since it started operating.
The Bimbache openART Festival and Global Initiative for Arts and Sustainability, founded in by German-born guitarist Torsten de Winkel and other community activists, is a non-profit effort at creating an interdisciplinary platform which seeks to bridge traditional divides, both on a musical Padre E Hijo - Langui* - Hola human level, in a globalizing world. The festival is a contribution of the international artist community to El Hierro's "Sustainable Island" program and collaborates with scientists and sustainability-oriented organizations from around the world.
The island of Hierro is mentioned 1 in Umberto Eco 's novel The Island of the Day Before L'isola del giorno prima, about a 17th-century Italian nobleman trapped on an island on the International Date Line ; 2 in Christopher Isherwood 's short story "The Turn Round the World", collected in his Exhumations ; and 3 in the first chapter of Steven Callahan 's maritime chronicle "Adrift", in which El Hierro is his final port of departure for an ill-fated Atlantic crossing.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Hierro disambiguation. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. November Click [show] for important translation instructions.
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Main article: Ferro Meridian. Main article: List of animal and plant symbols of the Canary Islands. Juniperus phoenicea. Spain portal Islands portal.
Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 5 August Paris: Baudouin. The history of the discovery and conquest of the Canary islands. London: R. The Canarian, or, book of the conquest and conversion of the Canarians in the year Translated by Major, Richard Henry. London: Hakluyt Society. Earth-Science Reviews. Bibcode : ESRv Archived from the original PDF on 4 August Retrieved 29 August Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A.
London: Royal Society. Sign of the Times. Irish Weather Online. Archived from the original on 27 December Suite in Spanish. Archived from the original on 23 September Daily Mail. Archived from the original on 12 October BBC News. Public Radio International.
Hierro Aeropuerto" in Spanish. Retrieved January 14, Man and the Biosphere Hierro - Hierro . Illustrations by Sergio H.
El Indiferente in Spanish. Centro de Educacion Ambiental Municipal. Canary Islands. Cabildo de El Hierro in Spanish.