I Am An Orangutan - Various - Rudi Rat Vol. 6
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The Bornean orangutan Pongo pygmaeus is a species of orangutan native to the island of Borneo. Together with the Sumatran orangutan and Tapanuli orangutanit belongs to the only genus of great apes native to Asia.
Like the other great apes, orangutans are highly intelligent, displaying tool use and distinct cultural patterns in the wild. The Bornean orangutan is a critically endangered species, with deforestation, palm oil plantations, and hunting posing a serious threat to its continued existence.
The Bornean orangutan and the Sumatran orangutan diverged aboutyears ago,  with a continued low level of gene flow between them since then. The Bornean orangutan has three subspecies:  . There is some uncertainty about this, however. The population currently listed as P. If this is confirmed, P. In early Octoberresearchers from domestic and foreign countries found about 50 orangutans in several groups in South Kalimantan Province, although previously there is no record that the province has orangutans.
As a member of the family HominidaeBornean orangutans are one of the closest extant relatives to Homo Windows & Hallways - Traindodge - Time Will Never Know Your Name. This species was originally discovered by native Malaysians.
There are several mentions of orangutans in Malaysian folklore. However, this species was originally named and described by the notable zoologist Carl Linneus in Its original name was Simia satyrusmeaning "satyr monkey", but was changed when scientists discovered that not all orangutans are one species. The holotype I Am An Orangutan - Various - Rudi Rat Vol. 6 this organism is located in the British Museum in London. The current species name P. The genus name Pongo is derived from the Bantu word mpongo used to indicate a large primate.
It was originally used to describe chimpanzees in Western African dialects. The Bornean orangutan is the third-heaviest ape after the two species of gorilla and chimpanzee, and the largest truly arboreal or tree-dwelling animal alive today. The Bornean orangutan has a distinctive body shape with very long arms that may reach up to 1. It has grey skin, a coarse, shaggy, reddish coat  and prehensilegrasping hands and feet. It also has large, fatty cheek pads known as flanges as well as a pendulous throat sac.
Bornean orangutans are highly Alligator Blues - Various - New Orleans Jazz: The Twenties dimorphic and have several features that differ between males and females.
Males have much larger cheek pads, or flanges, that are composed of muscle and large amounts of fat. In females, the flanges are mostly composed of muscle. Males have relatively larger canines and premolars. Males have a more pronounced beard and mustache. The throat sac in males is also considerably larger. There are two body types for sexually mature males: smaller or larger. Larger males are more dominant but smaller males still breed successfully.
There is little sexual dimorphism at birth. It can be found in the two Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawakand three of the four Indonesian Provinces of Kalimantan. The first complete orangutan skeleton that was discovered was in the Hoa Binh province in Vietnam and thought to be from the late Pleistocene epoch. It differed from modern orangutans only in that its Red Roses For A Blue Lady - Ray Conniff And The Singers - Somewhere My Love And Other Great Hits was proportionately smaller compared to its head.
This fossil and others confirm that orangutans once inhabited continental Southeast Asia even though currently, Bornean orangutans are only found in Malaysia and Indonesia. In history, orangutans ranged throughout Southeast Asia and into southern China, as well as on the island of Java and in southern Sumatra. They primarily inhabit peat swamp forests, tropical heath forests, and mixed dipterocarp forests. Bornean orangutan are more solitary than their Sumatran relatives. Two or three orangutans with overlapping territories may interact, but only for short periods of time.
The Bornean orangutan has a lifespan of 35—45 years in the wild;  in captivity it I Hope, I Think, I Know - Oasis - Be Here Now live to be about Despite being arborealthe Bornean orangutan travels on the ground more than its Sumatran counterpart. This may be in part because no large terrestrial predators could threaten an orangutan in Borneo. In Sumatra, orangutans must face predation by the fierce Sumatran tiger.
The Bornean orangutan diet is composed of over types of food, including wild figsdurians Durio zibethinus and D. Bornean orangutans have been sighted using spears to attempt unsuccessfully to catch fish. Males and females generally come together only to mate. Subadult males unflanged will try to mate with any female and will be successful around half the time. Females reach sexual maturity and experience their first ovulatory cycle between about six and 11 years of age, although females with more body fat may experience this at an earlier age.
Newborn orangutans nurse every three to four hours, and begin to take soft food from their mothers' lips by four months. During the first year of its life, the young clings to its mother's abdomen by entwining its fingers in and gripping her fur. Offspring are weaned at about four years, but this could be much longer, and soon after they start their adolescent stage of exploring, but always within sight of their mother.
I Am An Orangutan - Various - Rudi Rat Vol. 6 average, juveniles do not become completely independent until they are about seven years of age. The birth rate for orangutans has been decreasing largely due to a lack of sufficient nutrients as a result of habitat loss. A study on female orangutans in free-ranging rehabilitation programs found that individuals that were supplemented with food resources had shorter interbirth intervals, as well as a reduced age, at first birth.
The Bornean orangutan is more common than the Sumatran, with about 54, individuals in the wild, whereas about 15, Sumatran orangutans are left in the wild. This view is also supported by the United Nations Environment Programmewhich stated in its report that, due to illegal loggingfire and the extensive development of palm oil plantations, orangutans are critically endangered, and if the current trend continues, they will become extinct. Palm oil accounts for over one tenth of Indonesia's export earnings.
It is in high demand because it is used in several packaged foods, deodorants, shampoos, soaps, candies, and baked goods. Climate change is another threat to Bornean orangutan conservation. The affects that human activity have had on Indonesian rainfall have made food I Am An Orangutan - Various - Rudi Rat Vol.
6 abundant and so Bornean orangutans are less likely to receive full nutrients so that they can be sufficiently healthy to breed. A November survey, based on interviews with 6, respondents in villages across Kalimantan in togave estimated orangutan killing rates of between and in the year leading up to April The survey did not quantify the additional threat to the species due to habitat loss from deforestation and expanding palm-oil plantations.
However, the Indonesian government rarely prosecutes or punishes perpetrators. BOS also works to conserve and recreate the fast-disappearing rainforest habitat of the orangutan, at Samboja Lestari and Mawas.
In addition, it promotes the preservation of the rain forest for them. The Sepilok Orang Utan Rehabilitation Centre near Sandakan in the state of Sabah in Malaysian Borneo opened in as the first official orangutan rehabilitation project. The Foundation rescues orphaned orangutans and enters them into their soft-release programme, allowing them to develop the skills necessary to survive in the wild.
When old enough, orangutans are released into the protected Lamandau Wildlife Reserve. Orangutan Foundation works to protect orangutans by focusing on habitat protection and capacity building, especially in local communities . A seven-year longitudinal study published in looked at whether the lifespan of zoo-housed orangutans was related to a subjective assessment of well-being, with the intent of applying such measures to assess the welfare of orangutans in captivity. Of the subjects, were Sumatran Pongo abelii54 Bornean Pongo pygmaeus and 30 were hybrid orangutans.
The results indicated that orangutans in higher subjective well-being were less likely to die during the follow-up period. The study concluded that happiness was I Am An Orangutan - Various - Rudi Rat Vol. 6 to longer life in orangutans. In lateNyaru Menteng veterinarians failed to rescue the life of a female orangutan.
An operation was performed in which 40 air-rifle pellets were removed from her body. The orangutan was found at a palm oil plantation in Indonesian Borneo. Russon, Anne E. Journal of Human Evolution. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Linnaeus This section needs expansion with: updated data on populations.
You can help by adding to it. July Orangutan Foundation International. Retrieved Bibcode : Natur. Wilson, D. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. International Journal of Primatology. October 10, Journal of Natural History. Longmans, Green. Retrieved on Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
New York: Sterling Pub. Animal Diversity Web. London: Dorling Kindersley.